Aug 03

中風之【送院黃金三小時】Stroke【Always remember FAST】

中風的緊急症狀

F – 臉部下垂

A – 手臂沒力

S – 說話困難

T – 打電話999

FAST stroke

為何中風很緊急?

第一時間中風之後,如果能夠在越早的時間到醫院接受治療,這樣之後所需要面對的缺陷也會相對減少。如果發現中風的症狀,記得打電話盡快在一小時之內到達醫院接受治療。

什麼是中風?

中風就是因為腦部血管阻塞或血液壓迫,造成腦部組織缺少氧氣及養分,而變成腦部組織壞死。Time lost is brain lost!

什麼原因造成中風?

一般中風分為兩類,一類就是血管阻塞性中風佔80%,另一類則是血管爆裂性中風佔20%。血管阻塞性中風是因為血管阻塞,進而影響血流的供應,在缺氧氣和養分的情況下壞死。血管爆裂性中風是因為血管爆裂,血液溢出,進而壓迫腦部組織而造成壞死的情況。

中風會有什麼後遺症?

在中風之後,會依據腦部受損的層度,人體會有不同層度的動作感覺缺陷,同時也伴隨說話,情緒或思考的缺失。而這些會影響之後預後的結果。越早接受之後,之後的後遺症也會相對減少。

為何中風會很緊急

每失去的一秒鐘,就是腦部缺氧的時間,所以拖延的時間越長,對腦部的影響也是越嚴重。如果是血管阻塞性中風,用藥的時間必須在3小時內注射才會有效,但是基於需要時間做檢測及準備緊急措施等,所以必須在中風發作1小時內抵達醫院。

如何避免中風

1.控制糖尿

2.控制血壓

3.注意飲食

4.多運動

5.少抽煙

 

Stroke Signs and Symptoms Warning

F – Face dropping

A – Arm weakness

S – Speech difficulty

T – Time to Call 999

FAST stroke

Why is Stroke an Emergency?

New treatments are available that greatly reduce the damage caused by a stroke. But you need to arrive at the hospital within 60 minutes after symptoms start to prevent disability. Knowing stroke symptoms, calling 999 immediately, and getting to a hospital are critical.

What is a stroke?

A stroke is serious – just like a heart attack. A stroke is sometimes called a “brain attack.” Most often, stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain stops because it is blocked by a clot. The brain cells in the immediate area begin to die because they stop getting the oxygen and nutrients they need to function. Time lost is brain lost!

What causes a stroke?

There are two kinds of stroke. The most common kind of stroke, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind of stroke, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain.

What disabilities can result from a stroke?

Stroke damage in the brain can affect the entire body – resulting in mild to severe disabilities. These include paralysis, problems with thinking, problems with speaking, and emotional problems.

WHY IS STROKE TREATMENT URGENT?

Every minute counts. The longer blood flow is cut off to the brain, the greater the damage. The most common kind of stroke, ischemic stroke, can be treated with a drug that dissolves clots blocking the blood flow. The window of opportunity to start treating stroke patients is three hours. But a person needs to be at the hospital within 60 minutes of having a stroke to be evaluated and receive treatment.

STROKE PREVENTION

  • Manage your diabetes

  • Eat right

  • Control your high blood pressure

  • Exercise

  • Don’t smoke