Spinal Stenosis

  • Reduction of the space available for nerve elements due to filling of the spinal canal with hypertrophic tissuespinal stenosis
  • Common in patients > 50 years old
  • Caused by :-
    • Disc protrusion (slipped disc)
    • Fibrotic scars
    • Joint swelling
    • Osteophyte (bone spur)
    • Spondylolisthesis
  • Symptoms (radiculopathy) :-
    • Cramping pain, numbness, weaknessspinal stenosis 2
    • Pain exacerbated by prolonged standing, walking or running
    • Pain radiates into buttocks, thigh, calf or entire leg
    • Relieved by bending forward, sitting or lying down



  1. Carolyn Kisner, Lynn Allen Colby: Therapeutic Exercise Foundations and Techniques, 5th Ed. Philadelphia. F.A. Davis Company. 2007.
  2. S. Brent Brotzman, Kevin E. Wilk: Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia. Mosby.2003.