Disc Herniation

  • Known as “Slipped Disc”slip disc 3
  • An excessive mechanical stresses on spine and the degenerative of the intervertebral disc and cause the displacement of the disc
  • Commonly occur at the L4-5 level or L5-S1 level
  • Accelerated by :-
    • Excessive loading on the spine
    • Loss of curvature
    • Excessive lordosis of the spine
  • High risk on person who :-
    • Continual forward-bending and lifting
    • Prolong sittingslip disc 2
  • Symptoms :-
    • Leg pain and paresthesias
    • Coughing or sneezing will aggravate pain
    • Painful after prolonged sitting or standing, bend forward, squatting


  1. Darlene Hertling, Randolph M. Kessler: Management of Common Musculoskeletal Disorders, Physical Therapy Principles and Methods. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2006.
  2. S. Brent Brotzman, Kevin E. Wilk: Clinical Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 2nd Ed. Philadelphia. Mosby.2003.